Science of Psychotherapy Treatment
Mental illness can affect people of all ages at any time of their lives. Many factors contribute to mental illness, including genetics, life circumstance, social interactions and medical condition. Any or all of these factors can cause an emotional or psychological condition that requires treatment. Scientific method offers the best way to apply treatment to ensure a successful outcome for the patient.
History of Psychological Treatments
The slow evolution of the field of psychology did not favor development of along the lines of “scientific method,” though Freud himself relied on “theory” that could be applied with predictable outcomes. However, the methods of achieving results stayed in the experimental stages for many years as therapists provided additional information on patients, innovated new methods of treatment and observed the success or failure of their results. In the 20th century, the advancements of medical technology added to the tools psychotherapists used to understand and treat their patients. For instance, some conditions can be detected by evaluating serotonin levels to allow for better depression treatment.
Factors In Successful Treatment
The interaction of the therapist, the patient and the treatment create different variables that can contribute to the success or failure of treatment. With 12 current therapeutic methods now in common use, patients can become frustrated with the time-consuming task of finding the right method for their problem. In addition, the search for the right treatment for any particular patient can mean an outlay of precious financial resources that must be paid either by the patient himself, insurance companies or government services. These problems all lend weight to the idea that scientific research can help us find the most cost-effective, outcome-based treatment that can be utilized in the shortest amount of time.
Choosing Psychological Treatment Methods
Regular and thorough review of the ever-evolving body of scientific data in the field of psychology can help therapists in both the diagnosis of their patients and designing the most effective treatment methods for their needs. For example, it is well established that cognitive behavioral therapy is effective for anxiety disorder such as PTSD. However, many therapists do not use this treatment for their patients with this disorder. In addition, research has also indicated that the use of Paxil for this condition results in a 25 to 50 percent relapse rate. Therapists would do well to heed the scientific data on this condition to provide the most effective treatment in the shortest amount of time.
Utilizing the Science
Encouraging psychotherapists to consistently use the results of scientific research in their practices is the primary way the psychology professionals hope to expand more predictable treatment outcomes. However, this method is likely to require a change in the training of psychotherapists to ensure they keep up with expanding evidence in treatment methods, pharmaceutical use and patient needs.
As a result in the growth of the psychotherapy field, treatment centers have been growing at an exponential rate. An example of a residential treatment center is Bridges To Recovery. The forumla is basically uniform across these inpatient treatment centers. A beautiful house, professional chef, psychotherapists and a stay of 4-6 weeks at a time.